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Shofar in Biblical verses

The following is a partial list of verses in the Tanach that mention the shofar.

Set a boundary for the people around the mountain and tell them, ‘Be careful that you do not go up the mountain or touch the foot of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death. He shall surely be stoned or shot with arrows; not a hand is to be laid on him. Whether man or animal, he shall not be permitted to live.’ Only when the ram’s horn sounds a long blast may they go up to the mountain. (Exodus 19:12-13)

The third day arrived. There was thunder and lightning in the morning, with a heavy cloud on the mountain, and an extremely loud blast of a ram’s horn. The people in the camp trembled. (Exodus 19:16)

And when the voice of the shofar sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by a Voice. (Exodus 19:19)

And all the people perceived the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the sound of the shofar, and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled, and stood afar off. (Exodus 20:14)

Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, shall be a solemn rest unto you, a memorial proclaimed with the blast of horns, a holy convocation. (Leviticus 23:24)

And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have a holy convocation: ye shall do no manner of servile work; it is a day of blowing the shofar unto you. (Numbers 29:1)

And it shall come to pass on that day, that a great shofar shall be blown, and they shall come who were lost in the land of Ashur, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the Lord on the holy mountain at Jerusalem. (Isaiah 27:13)

Therefore the prophet Zechariah said of the time of redemption: And the Lord shall be seen over them, and his arrow shall go forth like the lightning; and the Lord God shall blow the shofar, and shall move in stormy winds of the south. (Zechariah 9:14)

And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying: ‘Son of man, speak to the children of thy people, and say unto them: When I bring the sword upon a land, if the people of the land take a man from among them, and set him for their watchman; if, when he seeth the sword come upon the land, he blow the shofar, and warn the people; then whosoever heareth the sound of the shofar, and taketh not warning, if the sword come, and take him away, his blood shall be upon his own head; he heard the sound of the shofar, and took not warning, his blood shall be upon him; whereas if he had taken warning, he would have delivered his soul. But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the shofar, and the people be not warned, and the sword do come, and take any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity, but his blood will I require at the watchman’s hand. (Yechezkel 33:1-6)

And the LORD said unto Joshua: ‘See, I have given into thy hand Jericho, and the king thereof, even the mighty men of valour. And ye shall compass the city, all the men of war, going about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days. And seven priests shall bear seven rams horns before the ark; and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the shofars. And it shall be, that when they make a long blast with the ram’s horn, and when ye hear the sound of the shofar, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall go up every man straight before him. And Joshua the son of Nun called the priests, and said unto them: ‘Take up the ark of the covenant, and let seven priests bear seven rams horns before the ark of the LORD. And he said unto the people: ‘Pass on, and compass the city, and let the armed body pass on before the ark of the LORD.’ And it was so, that when Joshua had spoken unto the people, the seven priests bearing the seven rams horns before the LORD passed on, and blew with the shofars; and the ark of the covenant of the LORD followed them. And the armed men went before the priests that blew the shofars, and the rearward went after the ark, [the priests] blowing with the shofars continually. And Joshua commanded the people, saying: ‘Ye shall not shout, nor let your voice be heard, neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I bid you shout; then shall ye shout. So he caused the ark of the LORD to compass the city, going about it once; and they came into the camp, and lodged in the camp. And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the ark of the LORD. And the seven priests bearing the seven rams horns before the ark of the LORD went on continually, and blew with the shofars; and the armed men went before them; and the rearward came after the ark of the LORD, [the priests] blowing with the shofars continually. And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp; so they did six days. And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they rose early at the dawning of the day, and compassed the city after the same manner seven times; only on that day they compassed the city seven times. Ad it came to pass at the seventh time, when the priests blew with the shofars, that Joshua said unto the people: ‘Shout; for the LORD hath given you the city.’ (Joshua 6:2-16)

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